Cultivating ground under broadleaf evergreens

By disturbing surface roots this does more harm than good. Mulching is preferable to cultivation.

Keeping evergreens too dry

Evergreens require an abundance of water, except for certain Pines and Junipers which thrive in dry soil.

Failure to water evergreens late in the fall

This often results in desiccation and death. Evergreen foliage loses water even in winter. A supply should be stored in the soil by late fall watering and conserved by an application of a mulch.

Failing to keep a close watch on Junipers and Spruces for spider- mites (red spiders)

It is important to apply remedial measures - rotenone sprays, syringing with plain water, sulphur dust-before the pests make headway or irreparable damage may result.

Planting evergreens too close together

Evergreens are beautiful specimens in themselves. Crowding destroys the effect.

Using Arborvitae, Spruce and similar evergreens in city plantings

For lasting effect, Yews are preferred.

Waiting to kill bag worms until after the bags have been formed

Spraying with arsenate of lead, tartar emetic or rotenone sprays should be done early in the season.

Neglecting to prune evergreens

Tipping back young branches in the spring before growth starts will help shape the plants.

Cutting back evergreens to bare wood

Usually no new growth will be formed and the tree will remain misshapen.

Planting too deeply

Evergreens should not be planted any deeper than the depth at which they grew in the nursery.

Removing burlap and breaking bail at planting

It is safer to leave the ball intact. Untie burlap after tree is placed and tuck in bottom of hole. Pack soil firmly above burlap.

Removing winter evergreen protection too soon

March winds often do more damage to evergreens than the low temperatures of the winter. Therefore, even though spring days make the urge almost undeniable, think well before removing protection too soon.

Planting coniferous evergreens in the shade; (Fir, Spruce, Cedar, etc.)

These plants need full sunshine and will not thrive in shady locations. Hemlock and Yew, however, will endure partial shade.

Planting conifers in poorly-drained soils

Although some evergreens grow wild in swamps or wet places those preferred for garden use demand moist, but well-drained soil.

Planting those "cute" little Pines, Spruces and other forest-type trees along the house foundation line

They look nice when the nurseryman sells them to you, but they're only baby trees and will grow into giants taller than the house itself and there's no way of stopping them except chopping off their tops and ruining their appearance. The remedy is to buy only true dwarf types that will never grow more than 6 ft. tall, at most.

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